Santali (or Santhali) language belongs to the South-East Asia’s Male-Polynesian language family of Astro-Asiatic branch and it is spoken by Santali tribe of Jharkhand.
To learn Santali language and its grammar; one can refer to the following authors.
- An Introduction to the Santali Language by Germia Philips (1852).
- Vocabulary of the Santali Language by E.L. Paxle (1868).
- A Grammar of the Santali Language by L.O. Scrayphusruud (1873).
- A Santali English and English Santali Dictionary by A. Campbell (1879).
- Materials for A Santali Grammar (Part 1 & 2) and A Santali Dictionary by P.O. Bodding (1922,1929 & 1936).
- We have seen the use of Devnagri, Bangla, Oriya, Roman and now ‘Ol Chiki’ alphabets for writing in the language.
Santali language has rich collection of folk songs, folk-stories, sayings, riddles, essays, etc.; these can be discovered in the following books.
- Horh Sereng and Dorh Sereng by W.G. Archer and G.G. Soren.
- Sohrai Sereng and Dorh Soreng by Dr. Sahdev Marandi.
- Sohrai Sereng and Dorh Soreng by Bhagwat Murmu.
- Horh Kahni Ko by P.O. Bodding.
- Santali Lok Kathayein by Bhagwat Murmu.
- Horko Rain Mare Haaparamako Reyak Kaatha by L.O. Scrayphusruud, Kalyan Har’aam and Jugia Har’aam (1887).
- Horoko Rein Mare Haparamko Reyaak Katha.
- Kherwall Bonsa Dhorom Puthi by Ramdass Tudu (1900).
- Santalpargana, Santal Aar Pahariyakowalk Itihaas by C.H. Kumar (1937).
- Karaam Aar Chacho Chatiyar and Hor Bapla Puthi by S.H. Murmu (1945).
- Badoli-Koyanda by Mahadev Marandi (1967).
- Kaaram by Manindra Hansdak.
Santali language also has good collection of poems.
- Onoarehein Baha Daalwalk (Branch of Poetic Flowers) by Paul Jujhaar Soren.
- Saari Dhoroam Sereng by Sadhu Ramchand Murmu (1972 & 1979).
- Gira, Kirtaan Kali and Aasaad Binati by Tor’e Sutaam.
- Gosoo Baha by Aditya Mitr Santali.
- Koyoko Hor by Adivasi.
- Bhurka Eipeel, Kuhubau and Lahaak Hor Re by Sarda Prasad Kisku.
- Chandmala and Bakhra by Gorachand Tudu.
- Bidrau by Basudev Besra.
- Jereit Divaha by Paaneer Piyo.
- Tiriya-Tetaran by Harihar Hansdak.
- Parsi Baha by Raghunath Murmu.
- Setaik by Samir.
- Sereng Binda by Krishan Chandra Tudu.
Few collections of stories and novels written in Santali including few translations have also contributed towards the growth of the literature.
- Harmawalk Aato by R.R.K. Rapaj (1946) is a translation in Santali of an English novel Harma’s Village by R. Castreyas.
- Mit Ten Kurieng Dulaar Kedya by Gora Chand Tudu is a translation in Santali of an English novel I Love a Girl by Walter Drawicks.
- Aato-Orako by Doman Hansdak.
- Muhila Chechet Dai, Garbaan Rain Koda and Aapa-Bare Kusi Bapla by Nanku Soren.
- Matha Surha by Tore Sutaam.
- Bull Munda, Maatal by Dr. Doman Sahu.
- Kukum and Pey Pawa Chawale by Armaan.
- Dulaar-Chinha by Nunulal Hembrom.
- Aaraak Peyaalapur by T.K. Rapaaj.
- Disom Bhokta by Adivasi.
The plays written in Santali language are as under:
- Bindu-Chandaan and Kherwaar Veer by Pandit Raghunath Murmu.
- Aakeel Yaar by Armaan.
- Tudu Koda Mandaryiya by Lodai Soren.
- Aale Aato and Maangarh Manjhi by Shayam.
- Hasa Aar Bhasha and Paheel Maarsaal by Sahdev Marandi.
- Horak Bapla by Vasa.
- Juri Khatir by Krishan Chandra Tudu.
- Bhinsaar Mayaam by Tore Sutaam.
Few magazines and the journals in Santali are also published from time to time.
- Hoar-Sombaad, Weekly, Dumka
- Silli, Sagain Saakaam, Umool, Jug Sirijool, Chithi Saakaam, etc.