Kurukh: The Language of Oraon Tribe

The following books have attempted to make it easier for the commoners to learn Kurukh language and its grammar, the tribal language spoken by Oraon tribe of Jharkhand.
  1. Brief Grammar and Vocabulary of Oraon Language by Reverend F. Batch (First edition in 1868) published in an Asiatic Society of Bengal journal number 35.
  2. An Introduction to the Oraon Language by Reverend O. Flanns and George Campbell (1874).
  3. Apitaf of the Grammar of Oraon Language by Reverend F. Batch (1874).
  4. Kurukh Grammar by Reverend F. Haan (1898).
  5. A Grammar of the Oraon Language and study in Oraon Adversaria (1924).
  6. Kurukh Sahiya by Aihladh Tirkey (1949).
  7. Kath Aara Kath Billin Eidau by Dr. Mikahail Tigga (1949).
  8. Kurukh Naigas Oraon Sikshak by Shanti Prakash Bakhla (1962).
  9. Kurukh Katha Billi Vyakaran by P. C. Becks (1978).
  10. Kurukh Kath Birna Eidua by Ali Mohammad Ansari (1980)
  11. Churki Dahre Kurukh by Aihladh Tirkey (1882).
  12. Kurukh Phonetic Reader by Dr. Francis Ekka (1985).
The lists of various Kurukh Dictionaries are also given to make it easier to learn the language.
  1. Kurukh English Dictionary by Reverend F. Haan (1900).
  2. Oraon Dictionary by Reverend T. Boatson.
  3. An Oraon Dictionary by Reverand A. Greenguard (1924).
  4. An Oraon Dictionary by C. Baliss (1956).
  5. Hindi Kurukh by Mrs. Swarnlata Prasad (1977).
  6. Kurukh – Hindi Sabdkosh by Mrs. Swarnlata Prasad (1979).

Some known and some unknown literature written in the Kurukh languages are as under:

  1. Kurukh Folklore by Reverend F. Haan (1909).
  2. Kurukh Folklore by Reverand A. Greenguard.
  3. Leel Kho-rala-Khekhel (two volumes) by Reverend F. Haan, Dharamdas Lakra and W.B. Archer (1941) contains 2660 kurukh folk songs.
  4. Kurukh Dandi by Bihari Lakra on folksongs.
  5. Chajika Kurukh Dandi by Teju Bhagat, Thone Oraon and Jamuna Oraon also has folk songs.
  6. The Blue Growth (1944), Dhidhan and the Leopard (1941) and Among The Green Leaves by G. Arthur have Kurukh folksongs in English.
  7. Kurukh Sahe Dandi by Prof. Indrajeet Oraon.
  8. Dav Billi by Prof. Basanti Kujur.
  9. Kurukh Sanni Khiri, Kurukh Kath Khorha and Kurukh Kath Jantra by Julius Tigga contain folk stories.
  10. Kurukh Athkha Pandi by Edmund Toppo.
  11. Purkha Khiri by Aahlaad Tirkey.
  12. Kurukh Bujh Narkhana, Bui Turra Aara Banko Katha by Prof. Indrajeet Oraon.
  13. Namhe Earpa by Jastin Ekka is a novel.
  14. Eenelata by Ignais Kujur is also a novel.
  15. Tura Khadd by Jhanku Oraon.
  16. Punna Khor by Prof. Indrajeet Oraon is a modern story.
  17. Khalli Aayang by Prof. Indrajeet Oraon is a play.
  18. Aayang Jiya by Piyush Lakra is also a play.
  19. Aayang Gahi Jiya by Ignais Kujur is a play.
  20. Palki by Aahlaad Tirkey is also a play.
  21. Oraon Language and Literature by Jagdish Trigunyat is an essay.
  22. Haas Bhansi by Aalbanus Minz is a collection of poems.
  23. Munta Puamp Jhumpa by Dable Kujur is a collection of songs.
The other important books related to Oraon Tribe are as under:
  1. The Oraons of Chotanagpur by S.C. Roy.
  2. The Oraon Customs and Religions by S.C. Roy
  3. Kurukh Varnmala by Samuel Ranka
  4. Kurukh Vachna Gahi Munta Puthi by Prof. Mikhail Tigga.
  5. Aalkhan-Ririyarana by Prof. Mikhail Tigga.
  6. Paridagreg Aagiyana Puthi by Prof. Mikhail Tigga.
  7. Kurukh Shishth Kawya by Dawle Kujur.
  8. Kurukh Sahe Dandi by Prof. Indrajeet Oraon.
  9. Kurukh Kalpa Jatra by Julius Tigga.
  10. Kurukh Dandi Neena Puthi by Darbanus Kujur.
  11. Kurukh Kath Sikharaage Punta Puthi by Johan Minz.
  12. Boli Ganeet by C. K. Toppo.
  13. Kurukh Phonetic Reader Dr. Franscis Ekka.
  14. Kurukh Varnmala by Niranjan Ekka.
  15. Raaji Pahra Ki Aanmol Kariya –1 by Cheekhrum Bhagat.
  16. Lahra Ka Gotra Aara Kurukhar by Shanti Prakash Bakhla.
  17. Kurukh Tolong Siki Aara Vak Garhan by Dr. Narayan Oraon.
  18. Father Constant Leethans and Chotanagpur by Mahli Livinus Tirkey.
  19. The Oraon and Mundas – A Constructive History of Oraons and Mundas – 1909 by A.S. Grinnard.
Few magazines and the journals in Kurukh language are also published from time to time.
  1. Singi Dai, Quarterly, Delhi.
  2. Naam Kurukhat, Raigarh, Chattisgarh.
  3. Sarna Phool, Visheshaank, Ranchi.
  4. Adivasi Pahra, Patna.
  5. Adivasi, Ranchi.
  6. Karma – Dharma, Ranchi.
  7. Dhumkuria, Ranchi.
  8. Tribal Welfare Research Institute Visheshank, Ranchi.

19 Comments

  1. This is a good attempt to give the information related to Oraon tribes’ literature and culture. I personally feel that placed information is not comprehensive and updated. Since my association with the language promotion activity, I came to know that many standards books are available which are not listed. As you are aware that Kurukh Literary Society of India (Regd.) is working on the promotion of Kurukh language and organizing a roving “National Conference on promotion of Kurukh Language” since 2006 in different parts of the Kurukh dominants pockets of state viz. Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Assam, Delhi, West Bengal. It is planned to organize the conference at Bihar close to Rohtasgarh during 2011 and similarly at Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Kolkatta, Maharastra, Andaman Nicobar and Nepal.During these conferences many books are released and on Research Journal “Kurux Dahre” is published by the Society.Ashok Kr. Baxla New Delhi9818429165

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  2. aapka prayash sarahniya hai, hume aage bhi naye kitabon ki list jald hi dekhne ko milegi, mai jnu me kurukh folklore me research kar rahi hu aur yah mere liye bahut faydemand wa suwidhajanak hai. thank u so much sir, jald hi naye entries ke saath yah up to date milega, aage samay ke liye subhkamnayen.

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  3. I leave in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, and i am a student.
    From very beginning I was in hostel. I heard others speaking their mother language, this made me realize that i too have my own language.But unfortunately many of the ORAON’s here don’t know their own language. They are using SADRI as their mother tongue.

    There’s a great desire in me to learn KUDUKH.

    Some of my friend’s attended the conference organized by “Kurukh Literary Society of India”.They brought some books written in KUDUKH but they didn’t had dictionaries to understand the word.

    There are many friends who wanted to learn but due to unavailability of the source they are silent.

    Well,if said we don’t have proper books support too, can’t we have this source on net?

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    1. Dear suresh,
      I have a book on kurukh with hindi meaning for sentences and words. It is a nice and a thin book, if you want a xerox of it, I will be happy to share it with you.

      My name is Ankit Kujur and you can contact me on kujur.ankit351@gmail.com.

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  4. Hey, mai Odisha se hun, nd mai bhi oraon hun. Bt dukh to is baat ka hai ki mujhe oraon ka ek word tak pata nai hai. Mujhe sirf sadri, hindi, odia nd english aati hai. Aap log jo kar raha wo kabile tarif hai, hame apne actual mother language ko marne nahi dena hai.

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  5. I am student National Institute of Design,though I know my language but still I have to learn a lot. and Am interested in folksong of kurukh.

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  6. hiiii..I am Krishna from odisha, I always trying get information about our community but I failed again and again. I want to know about our past, from where came etc. one more question is there arises that we are hindu or not ??????

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  7. an jama koha rin johar,,,,,badan ka-ron arhi eh koha kam ti nam namhai jati visai nu dher ka-tha ak-ha aik-kat……….aur soch dan pisa va-vi-sat-nu nam-hai kurukh(orang) jati bon agey ho-ah ongot……………..johar

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