Chapter IX. General Provisions as to Rent
Methods of payment of Rent:
Payment of rent by a tenant to his landlord in respect of the land held or cultivated by the tenant may be made either-
(a) by tendering the rent at the mal-cutcherry for the receipt of rents or other place where the rent of such land is usually payable, or
(b) by remitting the amount of the rent to the landlord or his agent by postal money-order.
Ejectment of tenure holder and cancellation of lease for arrears:
When an arrear of rent is adjudged to be due from the tenure-holder not having a permanent or transferable interest in the land, the lease of such tenure-holder shall be liable to be cancelled and the tenure-holder shall be liable to ejectment. Provided that no such cancellation or ejectment shall be made, otherwise than in, execution of a decree or order made under this.
Arrears of Rent:
Any instalment of rent which is not paid before sunset on the day when the same is payable shall be deemed an arrear of rent, and shall be liable to simple interest not exceeding 12 ½ per centum per annum. Provided that where a tenant pays his rent in full within the agricultural year in which it accrues due, interest shall not exceed six-and-a-quarter per centum on the yearly rent lawfully payable.
The rent of a tenancy shall be a first charge on tenancy. Provided that, if a tenancy is sold in execution of a decree for decree for arrears of rent, the purchaser shall acquire the tenancy free of all liability for rent for any period prior to the date of the sale, and rent due for any such period shall be first charge on the sale-proceeds of the tenancy.
Commutation of Rent payable in Kind (System of produce rent):
The system of rent payable in kind prevails extensively in Singhbhum, Ranchi and Manbhum districts. In Ranchi there are three kinds of produce rents, locally known as Adhbatai, or Sajha, Saika and Maswar.
Under the Adhbatai system, half the produce is payable as rent.
Under the Saika system, a fixed amount of produce is payable. It is most profitable from the landlord’s point of view, as the amount of produce generally fixed is a heavy contribution. The heavy incidence of Saika rent is due to the fact that they are generally levied from tenants who cultivated landlords’ Manjhihas or Khas lands; in former times, it was customary for the tenants of the village to cultivate such lands not so much for profit as by way of rendering service to the landlord. Maswar rents are levied on up-land (Gora or Tanr lands).
Under the Maswar system, the Raiyat pays an amount of the produce equivalent to the quantity of seed sown by him.
Produce rents are generally paid in Kats of Dhan. The Kat is a somewhat indefinite measure, but is generally equivalent to about 30 seers of standard weight.
In Singhbhum the Sajha system also prevails; but, more commonly, Raiyats are made to pay small cash rent, plus a fixed quantity of produce, generally unhusked or husked rice which is measured in local standards, Aras, Kuris, etc.