Oraons & Sarna Religion (Part-IV)

In the month of June-July, the Hariyari Parv is celebrated. In this festival, Pitar, ancestors of Khunt, gods and goddesses are worshipped for increasing the agricultural productivity.

Only after the completion of this festival, the Oraon farmers sow the seeds of food grains like Dhaan, Gondali, Maruwa, or even Kapas. They thank their ancestors for filling our agricultural field with lush green vegetations.
In the month of August, the Kadlota festival is celebrated to protect their agricultural plants from any kind of calamity. In this, the village god and goddesses are worshipped.
Also in the month of August or September, the festival Karma is celebrated, which is as important as the Sarhul festival. The Karam God is worshipped and this Karam Devta Puja is principally performed by women-folks to make him happy. It is obvious from the numerous Karam festival songs that the sisters pray for the happiness and well-being of their brothers.
Accompanied by the singing of the Karam songs the rituals are performed,
(Kurukh Song) 
Saton Bhaiya Re Saton Karam Garaiye, Saton Bahin Seva Karaiye
Koyencha Mein Phool Haath Mein Sindura, Chala Jahu Karam Ka Seva.
The Karam God bestows wealth and happiness and keeps away the bad luck far away from the praying Oraon tribe folks.
On the 12th day of Karam festival, the Jitiya Festival is celebrated, it generally falls in the month of August or September. It is celebrated by the mothers who seek blessings for the safety of the children and their bright future. The mothers follow the difficult fasting and Vrata ritual for the same. In the night of the Jitiya, every family celebrates it with a dinner feast of food and the traditional drink Harian.
To pray for the safety and augmentation of domestic farm animals’ wealth of the Oraon families, especially the cattle, Sohrai festival is celebrated in the month of October or November each year by the whole family. These cattle are treated with extra special care and the respect on this day. Each house of the village is lighted with Diyas to celebrate the occasion; the celebration has uncanny resemblance to the Deepawali, one of the important festivals of Hindus.
Khara-Puja or Kharihani is last festival to be celebrated in the yearlong celebration by the Oraons. They worship the Naad, ancestors of Khunt, and other spirits to thanks them for the good harvest that has taken place in our agricultural farms. Only after the completion of our Khara-Puja, the Oraon farmers commence the work of cutting, thrashing and sorting of the crop-produces.
The world of any adivasi group is stamped with sacredness, religiosity and reverence for nature; it is also true for Oraon tribe. It is obvious that this eco-spirituality came from their hearts. This is the view of the Sarna adivasi people as well. They are totally involved in the world, they communicate with the spirituality that surrounds them. They love nature; they communicate with it and are attached to it. Nature is their way to the supernatural. Otherwise, it is obvious that natural religions not based on books and exclusive revelations are much more immersed in nature.
But they strongly believe that the happenings in their lives, whether they are good-times or the bad-times and natural happenings are not solely dictated by the god almighty or other superior forces. They believe that a man or a woman is perfectly capable of making their own destiny with their relentless hard work and perseverance.

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