Jharkhand Movement, which was also called by some activists as “the search of a tribal home-land” and quest of cultural identity in a multi-cultural nation was of a great political importance.
This quest for cultural identity and the real aspiration of the people of Chotanagpur and Santhal Pargana Plateau has been inextricably mixed with the sense of deprivation, neglect and alienation against the so-called Diku, the non-Tribals.
The plateau is a land with a hoary past when it used to be the part of Kikat Deshor a Vratya Desh where Asura, Dasas & Dasis and other cognate groups lived.The Aryans sages invoked Lord Indra to descend upon Kikat Desh, people like a thunder bolt so that they may take away their innumerable cows because neither the owners milk them nor use milk in preparation of Som-rasa and they were Adevyu, (without God), Ajagyu (without Yaga sacrifices), Anas (without nose), Mridhvach (unintelligible) speech, Vrisipra (bull lipped), Krishna twack (blackskinned) etc.
Whole Chotanagpur and Santhal Pargana archaeologically is dotted with Asurapre-historic sites and evidences are there to the existence of high order of civilization practiced by the Asura and their co-inhabitant. With their Asur Vidya (Black magic) or knowledge of iron smelting and Ayas-Pura, their habitation shining like copper, Asura reigned supreme. Chandra Gupta Maurya it is also said that he belonged to the Kikat Desh and he was a son of Mura, the daughter of peacock taming Tribe and was of “humble origin” according to Pliny.
It is also learnt that in 13th century Indian subcontinent; Strabo Jai Singh Deva, King of northern Orissa, declared himself the king of Jharkhand.
Saint Chaitanya on his historic religious journey from Jagannath Puri to Varindavana in 15th century refers to this country as Jharkhand whose impact could be perceived in contemporary Mundari Saint poet Budhu Babu’s devotional songs.
Later on the Muslim rulers have referred to the area alternatively as Khokhra-Khukhra and Jharkhand. The Shiva temple of Deoghar of early Pal period temple is one of the earliest in eastern India.It is also known as the abode of the Jharkhandi Mahadeo. The forest content is reflected in many place names in the areas as Jhargram, Jharsuguda, Jharudihand others.