State Reorganisation Commission and Jaipal Singh

The crescendo of separatism reached its nadir in the early 1950s when the first general Election took place in 1952 and also when the State Reorganization Commission under Sir Fazal Ali and Sri K.M. Pannikar visited the Chotanagpur region from January 27 to February 10, 1955.
Jharkhand (Adivasi Mahasabha was renamed as Jharkhand Party in 1950 and cock was its symbol) bagged 21 seats the General Election in all Chotanagpur and Santhal Parganas held and secured 33.74% of the votes. 
As against this the Congress could muster 25 seats by having 31.30% of the votes.This phenomenon success of new regional party over an All India National Party like Congress and others boosted the morale of Jharkhandis.
When State Reorganization Commission visited Chotanagpur in 1955 battle royal was fought by two towering personalities of that era, one Bihar Keshri Sri Krishna Sinha and other Marang Gomke Sri Jaipal Singh. This was an occasion of magnificent show of great conflict in the minds of people Santhal, Oraons, Munda belt and it was raised to the highest pitch in 1955.
30 Legislatures signed memorandum for creation of Jharkhand state consisting of all the districts of Chotanagpur and Santhal Parganas Plateau, parts of Gaya, Shahabad and Bhagalpur in Bihar, Mirzapur district in U.P., besides the portion of Raigarh and Surguja in Madhya Pradesh, Sundargarh, Keonjhar and Mayurbhanj in Orissa. The demand consisted of or an area of 63,859 square miles with population of 163,67,177 souls.
Great demonstrations were made by Jharkhandis. When the Commission rejected the demand, then some of Jharkhandi leaders started supporting the claims of Orissa over Seraikela and Kharaswan. Purulia part was given to West Bengal.
At that time, Jaipal wielded magic band in his very presence and he could sway the tribal electorate whenever he liked. He virtually became demi-god for Adivasis. Besides magnetic personality of Jaipal there was Sri Krishna Ballav Sahay, Raja Kamkhya Narayan Singh of Ramgarh etc. who influenced the political situations in this region. It is alleged that the popularity of Jaipal and his personality virtually turned Chotanagpur as a “rotten borough” which were sold out to Oborai, Masani for fund.

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