1830s: Bhumij Rebellion in Manbhum and Singhbhum

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The British authority was still trying to recover from the deep shock of several blood-spattered insurrections successfully staged by the various local Tribal communities of the Jharkhand region during the period commencing from 1800 onwards at numerous places in the region.
In 1831, the Bhumij Kols of Manbhum (Burrabhom, Patcoom, etc.) and Singhbhum (Dalbhum) declared their open rebellion under the leadership of Ganga Narain Singh, a scion of Burrabhoom Raj family. During the same period the Binrai Manki, the leader of the freedom movement in the Chotanagpur region who had been pardoned off by the British authority, became the leader of the movement in this region.
However in November 1832, the British military force counter-attacked the freedom-fighters forces led by Ganga Narain fiercely. They compelled Ganga Narain to take refuge in the hills, from where he fled to Singhbhum. In Singhbhum, Ganga Narain urged the Kols (Hos) to join him in the fight against the British authorities.
The Hos were against Thakur of Kharswan, an ally of the British, against whom Ganga Narain waged an open rebellion war with the active support of Hos. In February 1833, Ganga Narain became a martyr while fighting at Hindoo Sahie. Thakur of Kharswan killed him and later he presented Ganga Narain’s dead body to the British Officer Wilkinson. Later British authorities also managed to capture Bindrai Manki who was then delivered to the British Commissioner for trial. He was sentenced to rigorous imprisonment at Hazaribagh Jail.
Thus the freedom movement of 1831-33 though wide-spread and fierce was suppressed at a great cost. The rebellion movement was a protest against the growing inequalities resulting from the replacement of their indigenous system of administration by the rapidly growing authority of the British Company.This ushered a new epoch in the Country’s administration when general regulations from these areas were withdrawn and a Non-regulation province of the South West Frontier Agency under Regulation XIII of 1833 was constituted.

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